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Archive for OECD

Transfer Pricing Moves Ahead: OECD and G20 Broaden Intra-Group Services Provisions

Ronald Marini

Transfer pricing methodologies are beginning to spread far beyond the narrow confines of section 482. Consider two very recent examples:

• Argentina had enacted revenue raising measures designed to penalize companies that would shift profits from Argentina to a tax haven. Argentina used an OECD BEPS transfer pricing rationale in enacting these anti-tax-haven provisions. Most Argentinian enterprises that make use of tax havens use Panama for that tax haven purpose, in part because of the commonality of language. Panama sued Argentina, arguing that the Argentinian tax restrictions are an artificial trade constraint. Panama brought suit at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Other countries are now involved. Panama won the initial round at the WTO, but Panama has joined the OECD’s Global Forum, a measure that would ultimately bring the country into compliance with the OECD’s Transfer Pricing Guidelines. Panama’s attack is similar to the attack on DISC before GATT three decades ago

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IRS Issues Proposed Country-by-Country Reporting Rules!

Ronald Marini

The OECD in October released its final recommendations under its project to combat tax base erosion and profit shifting, which included a plan for having companies file reports in their home jurisdictions detailing their business activities such as taxes accrued, profits and number of employees.

The IRS has now proposed rules requiring large companies to report information for each country of operation including the amount of revenue, profit or loss, capital and accumulated earnings, consistent with OECD recommendations designed to combat base erosion and profit shifting. The rules (REG-109822-15) would apply to U.S. parent companies with at least $850 million in annual revenue for the preceding annual accounting period, for the taxable year beginning on or after the rules are made final, ensuring that, for most companies, they won’t take effect before Jan. 1, 2017.

The proposed regulations affect U.S. persons that are the parent of a MultiNational Enterprise (MNE) group, with annual revenue for the preceding annual accounting period of $850 million or more. Read more

FATCA 2015 Roundup: It’s All Serious Business!

TaxConnections Member Manasa Nadig

A lot has been written about the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act {FATCA} in the past year. As this year comes to a close and I write up this post, I wanted to give you all, my dear readers a synopsis at your finger-tips, a round-up, if you will of some major FATCA events for 2015:

1. FBAR Deadlines Changed:

On July 31, 2015 President Obama signed the Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015 into law, which modified the due date of several key forms for Americans with foreign income and Americans living abroad. That includes the Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts, or Form 114, colloquially known as the FBAR.

Any U.S. person with a financial interest in, or signatory authority over, foreign financial accounts must file the FBAR, if at any time, the aggregate value of their relevant foreign account or accounts exceeds $10,000. An account over Read more

Structuring Investment in India – Does Mauritius Holdco Work?

Tax authorities worldwide distaste the word “treaty shopping” as such. In recent times, OECD has worked out guidelines for BEPS and most U.S. tax treaties have “Limitation of Benefit” clause that prevents abusive tax planning. However, there may still be some opportunities available to U.S. investors in India; one such avenue is investing via Mauritius Holdco structures.

A lot of foreign investors prefer to route their investment through Mauritius in India. Since the India- Mauritius double tax avoidance agreement offers exemption from capital gains tax to Mauritian residents. It has been the key incentive provided by the Indo-Mauritius tax treaty where by tax on capital gains is exempted for investors from Mauritius. As per the last finance bill almost 42% of the foreign direct investment into India is routed through Read more

How Are You Preparing For BEPS?

International Tax Review / TPWeek interviewed 180 leading in-house tax professionals to discover their opinions on the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project and what shape their transfer pricing strategies are taking as final BEPS guidance draws near. As the Infographic shows below, the approach of these tax executives proved to be very interesting.

Where do you and your tax organization stand on being prepared for BEPS? Are you being proactive in your approach for responding to BEPS? Are you doing nothing at all until the project is finalized?

See Infographic below: Read more

South African Tax Man’s Message To HSBC Account Holders

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) has announced an amnesty of sort – a threat and upfront warnings: we do know about you, best you come forward before we make the tax audit into your affairs known.

On July 9th, 2015, SARS issued a press release, which can be read in more detail on:

http://www.sars.gov.za/Media/MediaReleases/Pages/9-July-2015 – – – South-Africans-with-accounts-and-investments-in-foreign-tax-jurisdictions.aspx

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), based information obtained by French newspaper Le Monde, ranked South Africa number 31 among the countries with the largest amount of dollars ($2.3blion) in the so-called leaked Swiss Read more

Spotlight On Expatriate Tax Experts – September 21st 2015 – Internet Tax Summit

With an estimated 8.7 Million expatriates living around the world, many are unaware of their U.S. tax filing obligations. For those following the issues surrounding FATCA, they are well aware that expatriates are angry and scared. For the two-thirds of the U.S. expatriates who are still unaware, we bring knowledgeable experts who will explain what is happening and get you up to date at the Internet Tax Summit scheduled September 21-25th 2015. The first day of the Internet Tax Summit, expatriates will be able to go online and learn what is happening from tax experts, get answers, and get the help they need.  You can expect this historical, free online event is certain to get millions of expatriates up to speed on the only country in the world with citizen based taxation. We promise the information you learn will be STUNNING! Read more

Australian Tax Office BEPS “Progress Report”

In a speech last week ATO’s Mark Konza, Deputy Commissioner – International, gave an insight into the ATO’s activities in responding to a number of the OECD’s post Cairns G20 Minister’s Conference BEPS Action Plan items.

Deputy Commissioner Konza put particular emphasis on the ATO’s strategy in connection with “Action Item 1: address the tax challenges of the digital economy”. Commenting on the ATO’s work on this aspect he said-

“The broader digital economy is also being addressed through our four-year dedicated compliance program to address International Structuring and Profit Shifting (ISAPS). Tax and law professionals from external firms have been recruited into the ATO to help Read more

Tax Dodgers Beware!

In an effort to crack down on tax evasion the OECD developed what it calls a “New single global standard for the automatic exchange of information between key authorities worldwide.” The standard was approved by the OECD council on 15 July 2014 and is expected to result in an elimination of the secrecy surrounding some banking transactions as it relates to tax matters.
The new standard has been endorsed by more than 60 countries or jurisdictions including the United States, United Kingdom, European Union and Canada and other major jurisdictions already committed to implementation.

The standard requires detailed account information to be provided to governments by financial institutions. The information obtained from the financial institutions will be Read more

Transfer Pricing: 25% Rule of Thumb Not Applicable To Determining Royalty Rates

Attached please find a recent U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit case (September 16, 2014 in VirnetX, Inc. v. Cisco Sys., Inc.) in which a U.S. court finds again the “25 percent rule of thumb” to determine royalty rates inadmissible:

“[W]e agree with the courts that have rejected invocations of the Nash theorem without sufficiently establishing that the premises of the theorem actually apply to the facts of the case at hand. The use here was just such an inappropriate “rule of thumb.” Previously, damages experts often relied on the “25 percent rule of thumb” in determining a reasonable royalty rate in a hypothetical negotiation. That rule hypothesized that 25% of the value of the infringing product would remain with the patentee, while the remaining 75% would go to the licensee. [W]e held the “25 percent rule of thumb” to be inadmissible Read more

47 Countries Declare GATCA Adoption

GATCA Declaration

47 countries and major financial centers on May 6, 2014 declared am automatic exchange of information between their jurisdictions, announced the OECD.  All 34 OECD member countries, as well as Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and South Africa endorsed the Declaration on Automatic Exchange of Information in Tax Matters that was released at the May 6-7, 2014 Meeting of the OECD at a Ministerial Level.

The Declaration commits countries to implement a new single global standard on automatic exchange of information (“GATCA”).  The OECD stated that it will deliver a Read more

Swiss Account Holders – Losing The Right To Be Informed About IRS Disclosure

The Swiss continue to cave in and erode any bastion of bank secrecy within its picture perfect borders. The Swiss Parliament voted on March 6, 2014 to turn over information to foreign governments on certain account holders with undeclared accounts in Swiss financial institutions without providing the holders any advance notice of the disclosure. The move was in reaction to the 2011 admonishment to Switzerland by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes to take measures to increase its tax transparency. If Switzerland took no action, it risked being placed on a global blacklist. The Global Forum is a division of the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (commonly referred to as “OECD”). We understand that the amendment must be finally approved at the end of the current Swiss legislative Read more

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