AB 71 introduced in California for the 2016-2017 session, proposes to repeal the deduction for mortgage interest on a second home (usually a vacation home) and use the savings (and apparently other funds) for low-income housing.
Archive for Annette Nellen
In the U.S., the consumption taxes we are most familiar with are the sales tax and some excise taxes, such as on gasoline, alcohol and tobacco. We typically think of these taxes as having to be imposed at the point of purchase. There is an advantage to this because you’ll know at that time if you can afford to pay the tax. Disadvantages to this approach include that the vendor has additional compliance to collect and remit the tax (and penalties if done wrong) and the rate can’t be adjusted for the income level of the buyer (although I understand many might not view this as a disadvantage).
In 2015, Congress changed the due date for several types of entities as well as for the FBAR (for foreign financial accounts). The AICPA has a wonderful chart with all of the new dates noted.
When Congress made the changes for C corporations, they apparently had a concern with a change that would move a due date from one government fiscal year into the next fiscal year. The federal government’s fiscal year ends September 30.
There is lots of talk about federal tax reform. We are likely to see some legislative language from the House in spring, according to Speaker of the House Paul Ryan (see Jeremy Quittner, “Paul Ryan Says Tax Reform Won’t Happen Any Time Soon,” Fortune, 2/2/17).
Our tax filing systems are not perfect! How does the IRS or a state tax agency really know if the person filing a return is the true owner of the taxpayer identification number used? In IRS Publication 1345, on procedures for authorized e-file providers, the IRS states that if the preparer/e-filer does not know the client, they should get two forms of verification (ideally picture IDs that include the client’s name and address (page 11 of Pub 1345)). That should help. What else is needed?
We have a new Congress and new President – all of the same party. Tax reform discussions and hearings have been held for the past six years. In June 2016, the House Republicans released their “blueprint” for tax reform. So, will we see tax reform in 2017? If yes, what might it look like?
Sales tax law changes and discussions in 2017 are likely to look a lot like those of 2016, with one possible exception.
The repeating discussions and activities will include:
1) Expanding the sales tax base to include more services and digital goods.
2) Congressional hearings on the Marketplace Fairness Act without enactment of legislation.
The IRS National Taxpayer Advocate—Nina Olson—is required to issue an annual report to Congress. The 2016 report was released 1/10/17. These reports are always a great read. The report lists the mots “serious issues” in the tax system and makes recommendations for improvement. The 2016 report focuses a lot on the IRS “Future State” project and tax reform.
The 115th Congress started on January 3 and repeal of Obamacare (the Affordable Care Act) has begun. Here is information from Majority Speaker Paul Ryan including the budget resolution to help with the repeal. He states:
The addition of these two credits to the required due diligence of paid preparers in preparing a return that claims either or both was made by the PATH Act (P.L. 114-113, 12/18/15). The statutory language added at §6695(g) implied that regulations were needed. The IRS released draft Form 8867 and instructions in summer 2016, but did not release the regulations until 12/5/16. [TD 9799 (12/5/16) and REG 102952-16 (12/5/16)]
Several states require employers to notify employees that they may be eligible for the federal (and perhaps also state) Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). This year, California law was changed to require employers to also notify employees about the California EITC recently added to the law.
In reviewing some IRS stats for 2014 returns, I was surprised to see that two taxes added by the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), generated more revenue in 2014 than was generated from the individual AMT. Here are the stats: