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Tag Archive for S-Corporation

S Corporation: What Is Reasonable Compensation For Employees?

S- Corporation: What Is Reasonable Compensation?

When computing compensation for employees and shareholders, S corporations may run into a variety of issues. The information below from the IRS may help to clarify some of these concerns.

Reasonable Compensation

S corporations must pay reasonable compensation to a shareholder-employee in return for services that the employee provides to the corporation before non-wage distributions may be made to the shareholder-employee. The amount of reasonable compensation will never exceed the amount received by the shareholder either directly or indirectly.

The instructions to the Form 1120S, U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation, state “Distributions and other payments by an S corporation to a corporate officer must be treated as wages to the extent the amounts are reasonable compensation for services rendered to the corporation.”

Several court cases support the authority of the IRS to reclassify other forms of payments to a shareholder-employee as a wage expense which are subject to employment taxes.

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What Entities Qualify For The New Section 199A Business Write-off?

In 2018, a new tax write-off has been created for qualifying businesses – the Section 199A Business Deduction.

This deduction equates to 20% of Qualified Business Income assuming you meet income and salary limitations.  Also, shareholder reasonable compensation, interest, dividends and capital gains and losses don’t qualify. But if you meet these requirements, exactly what entities and businesses have Qualified Business Income?  Based on my research, here are the qualifying businesses:

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S Corporations vs. C Corporations In 2018

Many of you are wondering how the new tax rate changes will impact you. Obviously, we can’t answer that off the top of our heads as each person’s situation is different, and in many cases, experts are still trying to figure out how the changes will play out. One of the biggest changes is the corporate tax rate reduction to a maximum of 21% versus the maximum tax rate for individuals being around 37%.

The new tax legislation becomes effective January 1. That means many business owners are now considering whether to reorganize themselves as C corps.

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Do You Want To Be An S Corp?

S corporations are corporations that elect to pass corporate income, losses, deductions, and credits through to their shareholders for federal tax purposes. Shareholders of S corporations report the flow-through of income and losses on their personal tax returns and are assessed tax at their individual income tax rates. This allows S corporations to avoid double taxation on the corporate income. S corporations are responsible for tax on certain built-in gains and passive income at the entity level.

To qualify for S corporation status, the corporation must meet the following requirements:

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When Is It Time To Become A S Corporation?

Paul Mueller, Tax Advisor, Tax Blog, Loveland, Colorado, USA, TaxConnections,

For most new businesses and business owners, keeping it simple is key. After all, launching a new business requires attention to detail and doing many things right.  For that reason, most new businesses start out simply as a sole proprietorship or a Limited Liability Company (LLC).  As a successful business matures, however, the savvy owner should call time out to consider the S Corporation form of business.

The owners of an active business operating as a S Corporation enjoy a distinct tax advantage over other types of tax entities, particularly sole proprietors, partnerships and LLCs.  For the owner of a profitable sole proprietorship, partnership or LLC, the earnings are subject to both income tax and the 15.3% self-employment (SE) tax, which funds Social Security benefits and the Medicare health system.  This SE tax is often unanticipated, particularly for new entrepreneurs, and can cause havoc with cash flow at tax time. Read more

IRS Notice States Taxpayers Will Not Be Able To Circumvent Three-Year Rule Using S Corporations

Thomas Kerester, Tax Ambassador, Tax Blog, Washington D.C., USA, TaxConnections

WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service announced today that S corporations are subject to the extended three year holding period for applicable partnership interests and that regulations will be issued soon.

Carried interests are ownership interests in a partnership that share in the partnership’s net profits.  Carried interests often are issued to investment managers in connection with the investment manager’s services.  These interests often result in the holder receiving capital gains which are taxed at a lower rate, rather than ordinary income. Read more

S Corporation Vs. C Corporation In 2018

Lisa Nason, Tax Advisor, Tax Blog, Greenville, SC, TaxConnections

Many of you are wondering how the new tax rate changes will impact you. Obviously we can’t answer that off the top of our heads as each person’s situation is different, and in many cases experts are still trying to figure out how the changes will play out. One of the biggest changes is the corporate tax rate reduction to a maximum of 21% versus the maximum tax rate for individuals being around 37%. Read more

Corporate Separations Under §355.

Brett Thompson, Tax Advisor, Katy, TX, TaxConnections

In any successful family business there will likely come a time when descendants will want to take over the business from the older generation of owners. Usually, this will require that entities will need to be split into different business entities to accommodate both differences between the descendants (perhaps the descendants can’t cooperate with each other) or managing risk, so that high risk business can be separated from lower risk businesses and investments (construction business needs to be separated from investment assets such as stocks, bonds, annuity assets).

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Choosing Between A ‘C’ OR ‘S’ Corporation – Selling Options For your Business

Ron Oddo

Usually, no other factors carry the weight of the tax issue or significantly differentiate the C from the S Corporation. Limited liability is attainable in both the C and S Corporation forms. Voting rights need not differ. An S Corporation conducts business, on a day-to-day basis, exactly as a regular corporation. The only difference between the C and S Corporation is the filing of a one-page IRS form (Form 2553) electing treatment as an S Corporation.

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Choosing Between A ‘C’ OR ‘S’ Corporation – Weighing Tax Attributes

Ron Oddo

Question most CPAs as to what business form they suggest for the business clients and they typically answer, “A C Corporation—at least in the early capital formation years of the business.” Ask any Investment Banker or other Transaction Advisor what entity they prefer and you will likely hear, “An S Corporation or LLC (Limited Liability Company), or perhaps a partnership or sole proprietorship. Anything, anything, but a C Corporation!”

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Charitable Contribution Incentives In PATH Act

John Stancil

The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act (PATH) contains a number of tax provisions that are designed to reduce the amount of taxes paid by United States taxpayers. This act was signed by the President in December 2015. The provisions in the act are not new incentives, but made existing incentives permanent. This can be seen as somewhat significant as there is sentiment in Congress and elsewhere to reduce the tax benefit from charitable contributions. I would add that “permanent” in tax lingo means the provisions do not expire, but may be changed at any time by Congress.

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Congress Changes Certain Returns Due Dates

Congress recently passed some legislation that changes the due dates of certain returns.  Partnership and S Corporation returns using a calendar year will be due on March 15 (two and one-half months after the end of the fiscal year). This is effective for tax years beginning after December 15, 2015.

C Corporation returns using a calendar year will be due will be due April 15 (three and one-half months after the end of the fiscal year). This is effective for tax years beginning after December 15, 2015 unless the fiscal year ends June 30, in which case it is effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2025. Go figure.

The new law also changes the due date for the FinCEN Report 114 to April 15. Remember Read more

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