I. When are deferred amounts includible in an employee’s gross income?
a. Constructive Receipt Doctrine — Unfunded Plans Cash basis taxpayers must include gains, profits, and income in gross income for the taxable year in which they are actually or constructively received. Under the constructive receipt doctrine [codified in IRC § 451(a)], income although not actually in the taxpayer’s possession is constructively received by him in the taxable year during which it is credited to his account, set apart for him, or otherwise made available so that he may draw upon it at any time, or so that he could have drawn upon it during the taxable year if notice of intention to withdraw had been given. However, income is not constructively received if the taxpayer’s control of its receipt is subject to substantial limitations or restrictions. See § 1.451-2(a) of the regulations. Read More
Small businesses with employees must withhold some of every employee’s paycheck to pay taxes to the government. At the top of the list are federal, state and local income taxes. Plus, the employer is also responsible for federal and state unemployment taxes, and their share of FICA taxes.
Additional taxes include the employee’s share of Social Security and Medicare taxes that make up the FICA contributions.
Now, a payroll provider could handle this withholding for you. This way, you never forget to withhold the correct amount from employee paychecks. Read More
The Social Security Administration (SSA) announced that the maximum earnings subject to the Social Security component of the FICA tax will increase from $127,200 to $128,700 for 2018. This means that for 2018, the maximum Social Security tax that employers and employees will each pay is $7,979.40 ($128,700 x 6.2%).
A self-employed person with at least $128,700 in net self-employment earnings will pay $15,958.80 ($128,700 x 12.40%) for the Social Security part of the self-employment tax.
The Medicare component remains 1.45% of all earnings, and individuals with earned income of more than $200,000 ($250,000 for married couples filing jointly, $125,000 for married filing separately) will pay an additional 0.9% in Medicare taxes.
When is a tip not a tip? According to the IRS, “when it is a service charge.” Under rules effective January 1, 2014, the IRS has redefined the terms “tip” and “service charge” for tax purposes. Under these rules, restaurants that charge an automatic percent charge for large parties may no longer treat these amounts as tips. Read More