The Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service issued proposed regulations and temporary regulations that provide guidance for consolidated groups regarding net operating losses (NOLs).
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) amended the rules for NOLs. After amendment, the NOL deduction is the sum of:
The total of the NOLs arising before January 1, 2018 (pre-2018 NOLs) that are carried to that year; plus
The lesser of:
The total of the NOLs arising after December 31, 2017; or
80% of taxable income less pre-2018 NOLs (the 80% limitation).
The TCJA generally eliminated NOL carrybacks and permitted NOLs to be carried forward indefinitely. The TCJA also provides special rules for nonlife insurance companies and farming losses. Nonlife insurance companies are permitted to carry back NOLs two years and forward 20 years, and the 80% limitation does not apply. Farming losses are permitted to be carried back two years and carried forward indefinitely, subject to the 80% limitation.