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Tag Archive for Notice of Deficiency

What Is IRS Notice Of Deficiency?

What Is IRS Notice Of Deficiency?

Ordinarily, taxpayers file their income tax returns each year with the IRS and hear nothing more.  Rather, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) simply processes the tax return, assesses the reported amount of tax due, and accepts and credits the taxpayer’s payment against the reported tax amount.  In this manner, life moves on until the same process is repeated again the next year.

But, there are times in which the IRS disagrees with the amount of tax reported on a taxpayer’s return.  In these instances, the IRS must utilize so-called “deficiency procedures” to communicate to the taxpayer the IRS’ belief that adjustments should be made to the return.  These deficiency procedures provide taxpayers with significant procedural rights to contest the IRS’ determinations.  This article discusses the deficiency procedures including the Notice of Deficiency (“NOD”) the IRS must issue prior to making an assessment of federal tax.  This article also discusses the taxpayer’s right to challenge the IRS’ determinations in the NOD through filing a petition with the United States Tax Court (“Tax Court”).

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Beware of IRS Scams Extended To Taxpayers Appealing To The U.S. Tax Court

Process of Appealing To U.S. Tax Court

Under normal audit procedures, the IRS issues a 30-day letter, giving a taxpayer 30 days to file a protest and request an Appeals hearing. On the taxpayer’s failure to request a hearing or following an Appeals hearing, the Service issues a 90-day letter (officially called a “Notice Of Deficiency”), giving the taxpayer 90 days to file a Tax Court petition before collection proceedings begin.

With the reduction in the number of IRS audits and a reliance on computer matching, some taxpayers are facing automatic computer-generated 90-day letters, without first receiving a 30-day letter. IRS personnel call this practice, “smokeout” whereby the 90 days will toll Read more

It’s Not The End of The World! Statutory Notice of Deficiency: Part 6

Taxpayer’s Other Payment Options

Determining other payment options for your client takes serious research, compilation of records and information, and then sitting the client down and having a coming to reality meeting with them. Of course, you already did all of this when reviewing for the case, but let’s do a quick review of the options and the statute tolling events:

1. The Fresh Start Initiative – Full Pay Installment Agreement or Partial Pay Installment Agreement
2. Offer in Compromise
3. Letting the CSED run and letting the levy be foreclosed Read more

It’s Not The End of The World! Statutory Notice of Deficiency: Part 5

Collection Appeal Program (CAP) and Collection Due Process (CDP)

Assuming we have not been able to get involved before the case goes to collections, we start on a different path. There are very specific things the IRS must do, in order, on the correct time line, and document to be able to make collections against a taxpayer.

Again, assuming we are brought on board before time lines expire, the CAP is our first avenue of protest at this point. The CAP can be requested via Form 9423 before or after the filing of a NFTL, levy, or seizure, or upon rejection or termination of an installment agreement.

Once Appeals makes a decision regarding your case on a CAP hearing, that decision is Read more

It’s Not The End of The World! Statutory Notice of Deficiency: Part 4

Judicial Review On A SNOD

The taxpayer has the option, as long as they are filing in a timely manner, to Petition the Tax Court when they receive a SNOD. Be sure the client understands that there is a filing fee, currently $60, and that they must either represent themselves or have a representative who is admitted to practice before the Court. For a non-attorney that means passing the U.S. Tax Court Practitioners Exam, the highest accreditation awarded to a Tax Professional. Let’s delve a little more deeply into the petition process.

The U.S. Tax Court allows taxpayers to file a Petition in the following cases under the “Small Cases” provision: Read more

It’s Not The End of The World! Statutory Notice of Deficiency: Part 3

Audit Reconsideration

Audit Reconsideration is allowed when you disagree with the results of only two specific events:

1. The assessment of tax liability by the IRS because of an audit of their filed return or
2. The assessment of a tax liability by the IRS because they have filed an SFR for the taxpayer.

This will usually occur when the case is still in the Examinations Division and is a much more informal version of a CAP. The IRS considers the Audit Reconsideration when there is information that was not considered in the original assessment. Representatives Read more

It’s Not The End of The World! Statutory Notice of Deficiency: Part 2

Client Receives “The Letter”

Best case scenario; we see the client as soon as that first CP2000 letter arrives at their door. Unfortunately, many times we don’t see a client until they have actually received the SNOD. This puts us at the disadvantage as some of the taxpayers time lines have already been blown by this point.

A quick review of the basics of any representation contact:

1. Engagement letters for specific situations (i.e consultation only, representation, etc)
2. Review of all IRS correspondence, taxpayer’s return and documentation, time lines in play and IRS transcripts. Read more

It’s Not The End of The World! Statutory Notice of Deficiency: Part 1

Your client calls you in a panic because they have just received a letter from the IRS and it says they owe money and talks about having to go to Tax Court! For most of us this is an everyday occurrence, however, for the client, it can be panic inducing. At the other extreme is the client who just ignores the letters until the certified letter comes talking about liens and levies, but that’s another blog post entirely.

The IRS even has a Tax Tip titled: Eight Tips for Taxpayers Who Receive an IRS Notice. Tip #1 is Don’t panic! Of course, none of the other tips include the advice to consult a tax professional, but that’s what we’re here for.

Once your client receives a Statutory Notice of Deficiency (SNOD) the clock is running and Read more