TaxConnections

 

Access Leading Tax Experts And Technology
In Our Global Digital Marketplace

Please enter your input in search

Archive for Tax Cuts & Jobs Act

IRS Tax Reform Changes: Depreciation And Expensing For Businesses

Depreciation And Expensing Under TCJA

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act changed some laws on depreciation and expensing. These changes can affect a business’s tax situation. Here are the highlights:

  • Businesses can immediately expense more under the new law.
  • Temporary 100 percent expensing for certain business assets (first year bonus depreciation).
  • Changes to depreciation limitations on luxury automobiles and personal use property.
  • The treatment of certain farm property changed.
  • Applicable recovery period for real property.
  • Use of alternative depreciation system for farming businesses.

Taxpayers can use a safe harbor method to figure depreciation deductions for passenger automobiles qualifying for the 100-percent additional first year depreciation deduction and subject to depreciation limitations. The safe harbor allows depreciation deductions for the excess amount during the recovery period subject to depreciation limitations applicable to passenger automobiles.

Read more

Estate Tax Planning Under Tax Cuts And Jobs Act

Haik Chilingaryan- Estate Planning

Even though Estate Tax Planning is currently utilized by only high net worth individuals, historic trends have shown that the risk of a person’s estate being subject to the estate tax may be applicable to also those individuals with more modest estates. If the federal estate taxes are owed at a person’s death, the then dead individual (“decedent”) has considerably less money to pass to his or her heirs, given that nearly half of the taxable amount may be taxed. There are available avenues that may lessen the value of a person’s estate by the time of death and potentially escape the estate taxes altogether.

Estate taxes are determined by the Basic Exclusion Amount (“BEA”) that is in effect at the time of the person’s death. The way the IRS calculates estate taxes is it tallies up the total value of the estate, then determines whether any gifts were made in any particular year that may have exceeded the Annual Exclusion Amount (“AEA”) and arrives at the final figure of the amount of tax owed. Both the BEA and AEA are indexed with inflation.

Read more

Regulated Utility Companies And Tax Cuts And Jobs Act

Regulated Utility Companies And Tax Cuts And Jobs Act

One of the biggest benefits of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is the savings to customers of utility companies. According to research conducted by Americans for Tax Reform these are the rate savings for utilities this year. This is a great reminder we have savings to be thankful for this year.

Arizona Public Service (Phoenix, Arizona) 

The utility requested a $119 million bill reduction for customers due to tax reform.  APS has requested the Arizona Corporation Commission approve a $119 million bill reduction for customers, based on federal corporate tax cuts, effective February 1, 2018.

If approved, the $119 million decrease will offset the $95 million revenue increase that resulted from APS’s last rate review. The savings of $0.004258/kWh will be passed directly to customers through the Tax Expense Adjuster Mechanism (TEAM), a new adjuster mechanism that was included in the company’s rate review, and customer savings will vary with actual energy usage. APS customers would receive the credit on their monthly bill. – Jan. 9, 2018 Arizona Public Service press release.

Read more

Congressional Record – Tax Cuts And Jobs Act (Part 4)

Congressional Record - Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Part 4

Mr.LARSON of Connecticut. Second, Mr. Speaker, I include in the Record a letter out of a cross section of constituents who are directly and adversely impacted by this tax increase.

MIDDLE CLASS CUTS

Ms. Diane Hebenstreit–West Hartford, CT 06107

I am a lifetime resident of Connecticut, and I ask that you do not vote for the proposed Federal Tax plan. From what I see, it’s providing large tax breaks that benefit the rich and the corporations. The estate tax benefit we have now is more than generous, only the very wealthy will benefit from repealing the estate tax. The proposed caps on state and property tax deductions combined with the increased standard deduction, will cause myself as well as others to use the standard deduction instead of itemizing. This will eliminate the financial benefit of owning my home, and I am concerned it will negatively affect its value.

Read more

Congressional Record – Tax Cuts And Jobs Act (Part 2)

congressional Record - Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Part 2

(Continued From Part 1)

What did we discover in the aftermath of that?

Almost 20,000 layoffs in the weeks after it. The money was used for stock buybacks and dividends with no employment gains across the country.They keep telling us: Well, you are going to get 3 percent, 4 percent, 5 percent, and the President says 6 percent growth. I want to find that economist who says we are going to get 6 percent growth. Most projections are that we are being asked here today to participate in the following, because this is the context of the argument this morning: They are borrowing $2.3 trillion over 10 years for the purpose of giving a tax cut to people at the very top of our economic system.

We should be investing in human capital, community colleges, vocational education, internship programs, and aligning the American people with the skill sets that are necessary, as the Department of Labor reported this week, for the 6 million jobs that are available. That is the most gainful way to do long-term investment. Mr. Speaker, I reserve the balance of my time.

Mr. BRADY of Texas. Mr. Speaker, I would note that a family of four in Massachusetts’ First District will see a tax cut of nearly $2,000 under this bill.

Mr. Speaker, I yield 3 minutes to the gentlewoman from Kansas (Ms. Jenkins), one of our key leaders on the Ways and Means Committee who is really all in on growth and savings for America.

Read more

Tax Reform’s Impact On Individual’s Taxes

Haik Chilingaryan, Tax Reform And Individual Taxes

During this post, we discuss how the new changes in the tax laws may have an overall positive effect on individual rates and deductions. However, a crucial component of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is that the rates and other provisions of the new tax code have a sunset provision, which means that on December 31, 2025, all of the rates are likely to be reinstated unless some legislation is introduced that will retain these rates or lower them even further.

Synopsis

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, otherwise known as GOP tax reform bill, largely went into effect on January 1, 2018. A crucial component of TCJA is that the rates and other provisions of the new tax code have a sunset provision. This means that on December 31, 2025, all of the rates are likely to be reinstated unless some legislation is introduced that will retain these rates or lower them even further.

The following are the list of major changes under the new tax code:

  1. Brackets Lowered (rates sunset on December 31, 2025)
  2. Personal Exemptions Repealed
  3. Standard Deduction Nearly Doubled
  4. State and Local Tax Deduction limited to $10,000
  5. 21% flat rate for C-corporations
  6. Qualified Business Income Deduction for Pass-Through Businesses
  7. Estate Tax Exemption More Than Doubled

Read more

Has Tax Reform Taken Away Your Home Mortgage Interest Deduction?

Charles Woodson, Home Mortgage Deduction, Tax Reform, Tax Advisor, San Diego, CA

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, more commonly referred to as tax reform, substantially altered the itemized deduction for home mortgage interest and affects just about everyone who has been deducting their home mortgage interest as an itemized deduction on their tax returns.

Background: To fully understand the impact of the law changes, we need to compare the prior tax law to the new tax reform. Under prior law, a taxpayer could deduct the interest he or she paid on up to $1 million of acquisition debt and $100,000 of equity debt secured by the taxpayer’s primary home and/or designated second home.

Qualified home acquisition debt is debt incurred to purchase, construct, or substantially improve a taxpayer’s primary home or second home and is secured by the home. The interest paid on up to $1 million of acquisition debt has been deductible as part of itemized deductions on Schedule A.

Read more

Big Changes For Vehicle Tax Deductions

Charles Woodson, Estate Planning, Vehicle Deductions, San Diego Tax Advisor

In the past, the business use of a vehicle was determined either by using the standard mileage rate for business or using actual expenses plus vehicle depreciation limited by the luxury auto caps. That continues to be the case, except the luxury auto depreciation limit has been substantially increased. In addition, there are other changes as detailed below.

Standard Mileage Rates – The standard mileage rates for the business use of a car (or a van, pickup, or panel truck) are:

STANDARD MILEAGE RATES FOR BUSINESS
2017
2018
53.5 Cents Per Mile
54.5 Cents Per Mile

However, the standard mileage rates cannot be used if you have used the actual expense method (using Sec. 179, bonus depreciation and/or MACRS depreciation) in previous years. This rule is applied on a vehicle-by-vehicle basis. In addition, the business standard mileage rate cannot be used for any vehicle used for hire or for more than four vehicles simultaneously.

Read more

A Brief Overview On How Tax Reform Affects Choice Of Entity

Jim Marshall, How Tax Reform Affects Business Entity

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), signed by President Trump in Dec. 2017, has significant implications for how businesses will assess the choice of entity. Prior to reform, partnerships were a very common choice of entity, but with the new provisions in TCJA, the C corporation has become an appealing option once again (but with some caveats).

The assessment by the National Law Reviewprovides details on these signficant developments in choice of entity. In general it makes a helpful point: the entity choice will continue to involve a number of considerations, such as the makeup of the investor base, capitalization structure, borrowing requirements, likelihood of distributing earnings, state tax environment, compensation and benefit considerations, participation of owners in the business, presence of foreign operations, and sale or exit strategies.

Read more

No More Miscellaneous Itemized Deductions

The list of miscellaneous itemized deductions is an odd mixture of various deductions that didn’t fit anywhere else in the tax code. It includes items such as losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes, tax preparation fees, and certain safety deposit box fees. There does not seem to be much rhyme or reason to why these deductions were all lumped together.

Perhaps because these deductions are so obscure, the new Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) has suspended miscellaneous itemized deductions for all tax years beginning before January 1, 2026. Taxpayers who previously took advantage of these deductions will now be out of luck.

Read more

Tax Cuts And Jobs Acts: Impact On Businesses

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, a $1.5 trillion tax cut package, was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The centerpiece of the legislation is a permanent reduction of the corporate income tax rate. The corporate rate change and some of the other major provisions that affect businesses and business income are summarized below. Provisions take effect in tax year 2018 unless otherwise stated.

Corporate Tax Rates

  • Instead of the previous graduated corporate tax structure with four rate brackets (15%, 25%, 34%, and 35%), the new legislation establishes a single flat corporate rate of 21%.
  • The Act reduces the dividends-received deduction (corporations are allowed a deduction for dividends received from other domestic corporations) from 70% to 50%. If the corporation owns 20% or more of the company paying the dividend, the percentage is now 65%, down from 80%.
  • The Act permanently repeals the corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT).

Read more

How Real Estate Can Reduce Your Tax Obligation

To maximize the tax benefits of property ownership, homeowners, investors and real estate professionals alike need to be aware of the breaks available to them as well as the rules and limits that apply. Whether you’re selling your principal residence, renting out a vacation property or maintaining a home office, tax savings are available if you plan carefully. However, in some cases, tax savings may be reduced under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA).

Home-Related Tax Breaks

There are many tax benefits to home ownership — among them, various deductions. But when you file your 2017 tax return, the itemized deduction reduction could reduce your tax benefit from some of these breaks. And while that limit goes away for 2018, the TCJA reduces or eliminates these breaks:

Read more