It has been estimated that there are several thousand Americans living in Sweden.
Living in Sweden is an incredible experience for a number of reasons, including the friendly locals, the free, high-quality public services, the charming culture, not to mention easy access to the rest of Europe. As an American expatriate living in Sweden though, what exactly do you need to know regarding filing U.S. expat (and Swedish) taxes?
All U.S. citizens and green card holders who earn a minimum of around $10,000 (or just $400 for self-employed individuals) anywhere in the world are required to file a U.S. federal tax return and pay taxes to the IRS, regardless of where in the world they live or their income is generated.
The good news is if you are paying income tax in Sweden, there are various exclusions and exemptions available to prevent you paying tax on the same income to the IRS too.
U.S. taxes – what you need to know
If you earn over U.S. $10,000 (or just $400 of self-employment income), wherever the income originates in the world you have to file IRS form 1040. While any U.S. taxes due are still due by April 15th, expats get an automatic filing extension until June 15th, which can be extended further on request until October 15th.
If you have overseas assets worth over U.S. $200,000 per person, excluding your home if it is owned in your own name, you also have to file form 8938 to declare them.
If you had a total of at least U.S. $10,000 in one or more foreign bank and/or investment accounts at any time during the tax year, you also have to file FinCEN form 114, otherwise known as a Foreign Bank Account Report or FBAR.
“Employers pay Swedish employer social security contributions on compensation paid to employees who are covered by the Swedish social security system.” – PriceWaterhouse Coopers
If you pay income tax in Sweden, there are several exemptions that allow you to pay less or no U.S. income tax on the same income to the IRS. The main one is the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion, which lets you exclude the first around U.S. $100,000 of foreign earned income from U.S. tax if you can prove that you are a Swedish resident, and the Foreign Tax Credit, which gives you a $1 tax credit for every dollar of tax you’ve paid in Sweden. These exemptions can be combined if necessary. Remember though that even if you don’t owe any tax to the IRS, if your income is over U.S. $10,000 (or $400 if you’re self-employed) you still have to file a federal return.
The U.S. and Swedish governments share taxpayer info, and Swedish banks pass on U.S. account holders’ account info to the IRS, so it’s not worth not filing or omitting anything on your return. The penalties for incorrect or incomplete filing for expats are steep to say the least.
If you’re a U.S. citizen, green card holder, or U.S./Swedish dual citizen, and you have been living in Sweden but you didn’t know you had to file a U.S. tax return, don’t worry: there’s a program called the IRS Streamlined Procedure that allows you to catch up on your filing without paying any penalties. Don’t delay though, in case the IRS comes to you first
Swedish taxes – what you need to know
Swedish residents are taxed on their worldwide income at either 20% or 25%, however there is also a municipal income tax of 32%.
Foreigners living in Sweden are considered a resident for tax purposes if their home is in Sweden, or if they spend a prolonged period (typically over 6 months in a year) in Sweden.
The Swedish tax year is the same as the U.S., which is to say the calendar year. Tax returns are due by May 2nd. The Swedish tax authority is called the Skatteverket.
We strongly recommend that if you have any doubts or questions about your tax situation as a U.S. expat living in Sweden that you contact a U.S. expat tax specialist.