Under current tax law, a donor may deduct fair market value for certain non-cash contributions of a capital asset to IRS qualified tax-exempt organizations. This provision in the law has been a great benefit to organizations as well as donors.
For example, assume a taxpayer owns a capital asset such as a tract of unimproved land. The land has a cost basis to the taxpayer of $10,000 but its fair market value is $50,000. If this land has been owned by the taxpayer for more than 12 months, he or she gets a deduction equal to the fair market value when donated to an IRS qualified tax-exempt organization. So the taxpayer gets a $50,000 deduction for an asset costing him or her $10,000 and does not pay any tax on the appreciated amount. Read more