Non Government Debt Securities – General Aspects

Price of a Bond

The price of a bond is the present value of future interest payments (an annuity) plus the present value of the maturity (face) value at its yield rate (rate to maturity). There is an inverse relationship between the yield rate and selling price (present value). The higher the yield rate, the lower the present value (selling price); the lower the yield rate, the higher the present value (selling price).

Bond Quotation Prices Read More
Wash Sales

A wash sale occurs when the same securities are purchased 30 days before or after the sale. If a loss results, all or part of the loss is disallowed. If an equal or greater number of the same securities that were sold are purchased, the entire loss is disallowed. If fewer shares are purchased than were sold, part of the loss is disallowed. The disallowed loss is added to the basis of the securities purchased.

Example 1-total loss disallowed.

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This article is divided in to three parts. Part I will cover the general aspects of capital gains and losses and how and where they are reported on Form 1040 and supporting schedules. Part II covers special situations involving sales of securities-wash sales, gifts, and inheritances. Part III will cover mutual funds, stock rights, debt securities purchased at a discount and premium, and exchanges.

Part I

It is advantageous to have investment income in the form of long-term (held longer than one year) capital gains (LTCG) because they are taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income. For 2013, the net LTCG will be taxed at various rates depending on the tax bracket: Read More