In Notice 2014-28, 2014-18 IRB, IRS has announced that it will amend the regs under Code Sec. 1291 to provide that a U.S. person that owns stock of a passive foreign investment company (PFIC) through a tax-exempt organization or account will not be treated as a shareholder of the PFIC. Code Sec. 1291 imposes a special tax and interest charge on a U.S. person that is a shareholder of a PFIC and receives an excess distribution (defined in Code Sec. 1291(b) from the PFIC or recognizes gain derived from a disposition of the PFIC that is treated as an excess distribution under Code Sec. 1291(a)(2). Code Sec. 1298(a) sets forth attribution rules that treat a U.S. person as the owner of PFIC Read more
Tag Archive for Shareholder
A shareholder-employee’s compensation from an S corporation is often subject to IRS scrutiny because S corporation flow-through income enjoys an employment tax advantage over that of sole proprietorships, partnerships and LLCs. This advantage finds its genesis in Revenue Ruling 59-221, which held that a shareholder’s undistributed share of S corporation income is not treated as self-employment income. In contrast, earnings attributed to a sole proprietor, general partner or many LLC members are subject to self-employment taxes.
As employment tax rates have climbed, this advantage of operating as an S corporation has become magnified. Because S corporation income is not subject to self-employment tax, there is tremendous motivation for shareholder-employees to minimize their salary in favor of distributions, which are also not subject to payroll or self-employment tax.
So how does a taxpayer or more likely his advisor determine what is “reasonable compensation” for an owner/employee of an S Corporation? Read more