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Tag Archive for Section 1231

Exclusion of Gains In Excess of Passive Losses On Sale of Rental Property

If a taxpayer converts a personal residence to rental property, he can deduct expenses against rental income. The basis for depreciation is the lesser of the adjusted basis or fair market value at the date it is converted to rental property. If the taxpayer does not materially participate in and actively manage the property, the losses from rentals are treated as passive losses and cannot be deducted in the current year. They are suspended and carried forward and can offset rental income of future years but any resulting loss is not deductible and is carried forward.

If a taxpayer continues to have non deductible passive losses, they accumulate and can be offset against the gain on the sale of the property. If the gain on the sale exceeds the cumulative non deductible losses, a question arises as to whether the gain is taxable and Read more

Sales of Business Assets

Business assets are not capital assets but the sale my result in long-term capital gain if the asset has been held for more than one year. Under Code Section 1231, the net gain from sale of all Section 1231 assets is long-term capital gain, but there are two are two exceptions for depreciable property. (1) For personal property, under Section 1245, gain is ordinary income to the extent of any depreciation allowed or allowable (depreciation recapture). Allowable means that if the taxpayer could have taken depreciation on the asset but did not do so, then this amount must reduce the basis of the asset and is considered as ordinary income when the property is sold for a gain. (2) Under Section 1250, real property depreciated under an accelerated method is also treated as ordinary income. The amount of recapture depends on when the asset was placed in service and what depreciation method Read more