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Archive for Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

Congressional Record – Tax Cuts And Jobs Act (Part 5)

Congressional Record - Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Part 5

Mr. LARSON of Connecticut. Lastly, Mr. Speaker, I include in the Record a letter from the Congressional Budget Office, which details out the other shoe to fall in this legislation.

Congressional Budget Office, U.S. Congress,

Washington, DC, November 13, 2017

Hon. Steny H. Hoyer,Democratic Whip, House of Representatives,

Washington, D.C.

Dear Congressman:

This letter responds to your request for information about the effects of legislation that would raise deficits by an estimated $1.5 trillion over the 2018-2027 period, specifically with respect to a sequestration–or cancellation of budgetary resources–in accordance with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (PAYGO; Public Law 111-139).The PAYGO law requires that new legislation enacted during a term of Congress does not collectively increase estimated deficits.

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is required to maintain two so-called PAYGO scorecards to report the cumulative changes generated by new legislation in estimated revenues and outlays over the next five years and ten years. If either scorecard indicates a net increase in the deficit, OMB is required to order a sequestration to eliminate the overage. The authority to determine whether a sequestration is required (and if so, exactly how to make the necessary cuts in budget authority) rests solely with OMB.

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Congressional Record – Tax Cuts And Jobs Act (Part 3)

Congressional Record - Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Part 3

At the time, I was the Senate majority leader in Michigan under the last administration, overseeing the only Republican branch of government. I saw firsthand how the administration pursued targeted tax credits, one after the other, that favored one industry over the other.

It was a classic example of government picking winners over losers, and as expected, it failed miserably.

As we see at the Federal level today, in Michigan, these targeted tax benefits were paid for by everyone else in the form of tax increases, and not only did it fail to attract growth in emerging sectors as they had hoped, but it caused our economy to go into a tailspin, a very serious tailspin.
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Tax Planning Under The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act For Pass-Through Entities

John Dundon, Pass-Throughs And Tax Cuts And Jobs Act

Now that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) is in full swing, many of you have been clamoring for tax planning strategies. This post addresses some essential aspects of the TCJA and suggests some strategic implications to be used for planning purposes.

One of the most significant changes coming out of the TCJA are the new tax rates:

  • The individual tax rate is reduced to a maximum 37%.
  • Tax rate for a pass-through entities can be reduced by 20%.
  • The corporate tax rate is reduced from 35% to as low as 21%.

As a result of these new tax rates there is a growing debate over whether a business should be organized as a pass-through entity or a full blown ‘C’ corporation.

Families with multiple businesses in various life cycle stages are compelled to think very carefully about tax implications associated with their ‘portfolio’ of business entities.
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Many Corporations Will Pay A Blended Federal Income Tax This Year Under The New Tax Reform Law

IRS

Many U.S. corporations elect to use a fiscal year end and not a calendar year end for federal income tax reporting purposes.  Due to a provision in the recently enacted Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), a corporation with a fiscal year that includes Jan. 1, 2018 will pay federal income tax using a blended tax rate and not the flat 21 percent tax rate under the TCJA that would generally apply to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.

Corporations determine their federal income tax for fiscal years that include Jan. 1, 2018, by first calculating their tax for the entire taxable year using the tax rates in effect prior to TCJA and then calculating their tax using the new 21 percent rate, subsequently proportioning each tax amount based on the number of days in the taxable year when the different rates were in effect.  The sum of these two amounts is the corporation’s federal income tax for the fiscal year.

The blended rate applies to all fiscal year corporations whose fiscal year includes Jan. 1, 2018.  Fiscal year corporations that have already filed their federal income tax returns that do not reflect the blended rate may want to consider filing an amended return.

The federal sequester law remains in effect for the 2018 federal fiscal year. Corporations need to be aware of how this may affect their tax credits and refunds. Revised forms and instructions can be found on IRS.gov.

 

 

Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Summary Of Changes (2018 To 2025)

Chortney Ruesch, TaxAdvisor

Now that congress has made final the latest tax act, I thought I would take a moment to share with you a summary of the changes so you may understand how they may affect you. These are in place 2018 until 2025. 

Individuals

Income Tax Rates

The 39.6% tax bracket has been removed and the rates have been condensed.

The system for taxing capital gains and qualified dividends did not change except the income levels for the 15% rate will start at $77,200 for married filing joint and $38,600 for single filers. The 20% rate will start at $479,000 for married filing joint and $425,800 for single filers.

The Standard Deduction

The standard deduction has been modified making it $24,000 for married filing joint and $12,000 for single filers. This will make the standard deduction more attractive than itemizing for many taxpayers.

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Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Policy Highlights – House And Senate Conference Committee

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (H.R. 1) overhauls America’s tax code to deliver historic tax relief for workers, families and job creators, and revitalize our nation’s economy. By lowering taxes across the board, eliminating costly special-interest tax breaks, and modernizing our international tax system, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act will help create more jobs, increase paychecks, and make the tax code simpler and fairer for Americans of all walks of life. With this bill, the typical family of four earning the median family income of $73,000 will receive a tax cut of $2,059.

For Individuals And Families, The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act

  • Lowers individual taxes and sets the rates at 0%, 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35%, and 37% so people can keep more of their hard-earned money.
  • Significantly increases the standard deduction to protect roughly double the amount of what you earn each year from taxes – from $6,500 and $13,000 under current law to $12,000 and $24,000 for individuals and married couples, respectively.
  • Continues to allow people to write off the cost of state and local taxes – up to $10,000. Gives individuals and families the ability to deduct property taxes and income – or sales – taxes to best fit their unique circumstances.

Takes Action To Support More American Families By

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No More Miscellaneous Itemized Deductions

The list of miscellaneous itemized deductions is an odd mixture of various deductions that didn’t fit anywhere else in the tax code. It includes items such as losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes, tax preparation fees, and certain safety deposit box fees. There does not seem to be much rhyme or reason to why these deductions were all lumped together.

Perhaps because these deductions are so obscure, the new Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) has suspended miscellaneous itemized deductions for all tax years beginning before January 1, 2026. Taxpayers who previously took advantage of these deductions will now be out of luck.

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How Home And Security Ownership Is Affected By Tax Reform

In 2018, The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 will create tax changes to home and securities ownership by changes to itemized deductions on Schedule A. If you own or are buying a residence and/or second home, you may have the following limitations on your itemized deductions:

1. The combination of real estate and state income or sales taxes paid each year will be limited to a maximum deduction of $10,000.  This will be a killer in high state and local tax states. State and local taxes (SALT) normally include state income taxes or state sales taxes (usually the higher of the two) and state and local property taxes, which can include real estate and personal property tax.

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Tax Cuts And Jobs Acts: Impact On Businesses

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, a $1.5 trillion tax cut package, was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The centerpiece of the legislation is a permanent reduction of the corporate income tax rate. The corporate rate change and some of the other major provisions that affect businesses and business income are summarized below. Provisions take effect in tax year 2018 unless otherwise stated.

Corporate Tax Rates

  • Instead of the previous graduated corporate tax structure with four rate brackets (15%, 25%, 34%, and 35%), the new legislation establishes a single flat corporate rate of 21%.
  • The Act reduces the dividends-received deduction (corporations are allowed a deduction for dividends received from other domestic corporations) from 70% to 50%. If the corporation owns 20% or more of the company paying the dividend, the percentage is now 65%, down from 80%.
  • The Act permanently repeals the corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT).

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New 2018 Capital Expense Rules

There are many provisions in the tax reform bill (The Tax Cuts & Jobs Act) passed in late 2017 designed to benefit small business owners. They include a lower corporate tax rate as well as a special tax reduction for business structures taxed as pass-through entities. There are also a variety of new tax tools affecting how small businesses account for deducting the cost of capital purchases under the new tax law.

Here’s what you need to know about them: Read more

Section 199 Repeal Opportunities

With section 199 repealed for tax years beginning after 12/31/17, now is the time for a final review of domestic production activity deductions (“DPAD”).  A properly conducted review will optimize 2017 DPAD and identify refund opportunities in prior tax years.

With internal resources likely committed to 2017 compliance and implementation of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, chief tax officers should consider success-based-fee DPAD reviews for years prior to 2017.   Read more

Additional Details About The Tax Reform Act

In last month’s newsletter we presented some general facets of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). In this article, we will explore some portions of the new bill in greater detail.

In general, the law cuts corporate tax rates permanently and individual tax rates temporarily. It permanently removes the individual mandate, a key provision of the Affordable Care Act, and it changes other policies in dramatic ways, such as the SALT deduction (which will be explained in more detail below). Read more