IRC §30C, Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit has been a temporary provision for awhile and expired at the end of 2021. The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 retroactively extended it to now expire after 2032. Starting after 12/31/22, it will work differently than it does for 2021. This is a significant credit. For 2021, it can be up to $30,000 where the property is depreciable (owned and used by a business) or $1,000 for anyone else. The business credit goes up to $100,000 for 2023 through 2032. The credit rate is 30% – but only 6% for depreciable proprty if the new wage and apprenticeship requirements are not met (see new §30C(g)).
I created a track changes version of this §30C credit to help understand the changes – here. There are some changes that are complex to understand. For example, qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property will have to be located in eligible census tracts (see §30C(c)(3)). This requirement says property is only eligible if “placed in service” in an eligible census tract. Usually “placed in service” refers to depreciable property, but the description doesn’t say this requirement is only for depreciable property so likely applies to all such refueling property.